That’s right gang, it’s another chapter of your favorite how-to series, Yes, You Too Can Draw! In the last chapter, I got you started on the road towards mastery over perspective with the lesson on One-Point Perspective. Today I plan to push your drawing ability a little further (and help wow your friends.) with Two-Point Perspective.
As always, let’s review the previous chapter…
What We Learned From Last Time
So You Think You’re a Bad-@$$ Now?
I bet your were blown away when you first learned how to use one-point perspective. Now you can draw stuff that only posers could dream of. But I bet you’re feeling a bit limited. In real life, you can view objects from all sorts of angles. Yet not everything is viewed dead-on. You might want to add some drama to a drawing. You may want to draw an object in a three-quarter view. We can achieve these desires with Two-Point Perspective.
Two-Point Perspective boils down to using two vanishing points on your horizon line instead of one. Instead of connecting convergence lines to lines parallel to your horizon line, you’ll connect convergence lines from one vanishing point to convergence lines from the other vanishing point. Sound confusing? Allow me to demonstrate.
How to Use Two-Point Perspective
Start with a standard horizon line. It can be placed anywhere on the page. Then add two vanishing points to your horizon lines. Place a Station Point anywhere above or below your horizon line. The station point will basically be where you’ll begin construction. It is also the point where you’ll connect your first set of convergence lines, emanating from each vanishing point.
Connect your station point to each vanishing point using convergence lines.
In this step, we’ll determine the depth of our cube. Do this by drawing new convergence lines from each vanishing point. The result should be a square or rectangle in two-point perspective. This shape will give you a total of four points to work with.
Not to confuse anyone, but there’s an alternative way of determining your cube’s depth. This can be done with the help of a Diagonal Point. Simply plot a diagonal point on your horizon line, and create a convergence line connecting the station point to your diagonal point. Plot a new point somewhere on this convergence line. This point will determine how deep your cube will be.To complete the square/rectangle draw convergence lines running from each vanishing point through the new point and into each of your original convergence lines. This will feel more constricting, but will bring more accuracy to your cube.
Next we’ll determine the height of our cube by drawing a vertical line from the station point. (In orange.)
In Step 5, we’ll create two convergence lines connecting to the top of the previously drawn vertical line. from the far left and right corners of the bottom square, draw new vertical lines (in dark orange) connecting to your fresh convergence lines to your outer convergence lines. This will create two new points to work with. I bet you can see the cube forming. Not only do we have a bottom, but two sides facing us.
Now we’ll complete the top and the back walls facing the background. Draw in convergence lines, to the two new points you’ve just created in Step 5. (Both upper left-hand corner and upper right-hand corners.) Doing so will create a new point where your latest two convergence lines cross. From that point, we’ll complete the cube by drawing one last vertical line to the bottom square’s far corner. (It points towards the background.)
All that’s needed is to clean up your image and show it off to your friends.
Easy stuff! I want to note that you can apply your pair of vanishing points anywhere on the horizon line. This will allow for all sorts of angles and positions. Generally you’ll be in the habit of using the same pair of vanishing points whenever a drawing has a more geometric feel, such as a room or a city landscape. Most of the objects in those types of drawings won’t likely be positioned at all sorts of angles like the drawing above.
Your Homework Assignment
I want you to practice drawing cubes in two-point perspective in both different places on you drawing surface as well as using different pairs of vanishing points. If you wish, sketch a pencil drawing using two-point perspective, and post your work on either the ChrisHilbig.com Facebook page or Tweet me. (Use the hash-tag #2PointPerspective.) I’d love to see what you’ve done.
NOTE: This page will frequently be updated with current assignments as well as any additional information that you may need for the next class. If there are any changes, an email will go out telling you to check this site for updates.
Day 1: [Due: Printing off and having for class the following: Course Syllabus, Supplies, Calendar, & Sketchbook & Mid-term project sheets] Purchase supplies and textbook. If you haven’t downloaded and printed course information, please do so by Day 2: Handing in your agreement form are graded assignments.
Day 2: [DUE today: All of the above & the Syllabus Agreement Form] Due: 8/31, the following assignments:
Sketchbook Assignment 1: Contour Line, Edge, & Space
Reading Assignment: “Training Your Hands”
Day 3:[DUE: Next Class on Thu. 9/2]
Drawing Homework #1: Use an 18×24″ drawing paper, graphite pencil 2B or 4B create a contour line drawing of either the “Athena” or “Winged Victory” statues located in Tillman Hall. Do not use photographs of the statue. I am including an example.
Day 4: [DUE today: Drawing Assignment: Contour Drawing]
Due: 9/7, the following assignments:
Sketchbook Assignment 2: Cross Contour & Line Weight – Describing Volume
Reading Assignment 2: Textbook: Chapter 1-3
Homework DUE Tuesday 9/14
1. Using your drawing paper 18×24″, draw a dynamic composition combining the five (5) sketchbook drawing studies you created into one composition.
2. Use a variety of line, line weight, and medium (graphite, charcoal, pen/marker (black) to describe volume and value.
3. Be particularly aware of your composition using organizational lines to organize your picture place.
4. Keep in mind the use of positive and negative space as well as scale and proportion in the relationships created between “each” bag.
5. We will have a critique on Tuesday 9/14. Be sure that you print of the Critique Forms for this critique.
5. An example of what a final drawing may look like is below:
Sketchbook Assignment: Mixed Lines
1. “Making Lines Better, Making Better Lines”
2. Textbook Chapter 10
No Scheduled Homework Due Tues. 9/21
Drawing: Please work on your mid-term portfolio project, if you have any questions on your work, make arrangements to see me or bring it with you before class or after class on Tues.
Sketchbook Assignment: Please work on your sketchbook and prepare it for the first Sketchbook Review Grade. I will be collecting your sketchbooks on Thu. 9/23, grading and then returning them on Tues. 9/28.
Textbook pp 29-44 (Ch 4)
Textbook pp 57-60 (Ch 6)
NOTE: No Scheduled Homework Due Tues. 9/28. Please bring the tools and supplies for studying perspective (ruler, triangle, t-square, 2H pencil, drawing paper, erasers, etc) on Thu. NOT Tues. We will spend an extra day on gesture drawing.
Final Critique 9/30
Drawing: There are two types of gesture drawings due for final critique on Thu. 9/30. Please draw each on 18″x24″ drawing paper.
1. Using contour line and mass gesture either create a multiple object still life or use the one that has been reserved in the classroom for your use. The medium for this drawing is either charcoal or conte’ crayon. Remember to organize your composition – best ways: use your viewfinder and/or organizational lines. Remember, as always, to sight the objects in your composition and determine their relationship to each other and to the picture plane, observing positive & negative space.
2. Using mass and scribble or line gesture andcontour create a composition from the landscape around the campus. Use ink washes (brush and ink in water-starting lightly with a larger water to ink ratio and adding ink to darken the wash) to describe the mass gesture and pen & ink OR charcoal to draw the gesture and contour line.
3. An example of each is posted below.
Gesture & Line Example
Ink & Gesture
Sketchbook Assignment: No sketchbook assignment due – sketchbooks collected for 1st Sketchbook Grade
Reading Assignment: Textbook pp 45-56 (Ch 5)
Homework is due on Tuesday 10/5. Bring materials for drawing in perspective: t-square or ruler & triangle, 2H or drafting pencil; erasers; drawing board; drawing paper; and bull clips or tape AND if you want something comfortable to sit the floor bring a pillow or pad.
Drawing: Draw a baseline intuitive perspective drawing of an indoor and outdoor environment that includes 1 or 2 point perspective. Do not use measuring tools, sketch out what you see as you see it. Use graphite 4B-8B.
Sketchbook Assignment: Complete the 1-point perspective (3D form) studies.
Textbook pp 235-278 (Chapters 15 & 16)
Homework is due on Tuesday 10/11. Bring materials for drawing in perspective: t-square or ruler & triangle, 2H or drafting pencil; erasers; drawing board; drawing paper; and bull clips or tape AND if you want something comfortable to sit the floor bring a pillow or pad.
Drawing: Complete your 1-pt perspective hallway drawing using contour line only. Use graphite 4B-8B. You will complete the value portion of this drawing for your portfolio as homework.
Student Example of Interior 1 Pt Perspective Value Drawing
Sketchbook Assignment: Work on your sketchbook for your 2nd sketchbook check on Tuesday 10/19.
Textbook: pp 221-234 (Ch 14)
STUDY: Quiz #2 will be given on Tuesday October 19 based on readings and lectures
Week 8 – Fall Break (Friday 10/15 & Monday 10/18)
MID TERM PORTFOLIOS ARE DUE Friday, 10/15 no later than 10 am. You may turn them any time before that date & time. No late portfolios will be accepted. You may leave your portfolio outside my office/studio door.
Quiz #2 is on Tuesday 10/19. This quiz covers one-point perspective and light, value, and shadow lecture. It also includes textbook readings. There will be no class after the test. Sketchbooks will be collected for the 2nd Sketchbook Review grade. Midterm grades and portfolios will be returned on Thursday 10/21.
Drawing: Draw an intuitive 2-pt perspective drawing on 18×24″ drawing paper using HB-8B graphite pencil. This can be an interior or exterior orientation drawing. This drawing will be attached to one of your two 2-point perspective drawings you will complete.
Sketchbook Assignment: Work on sketchbook for 2nd Sketchbook Review. Sketchbooks will be collected on 10/19.
No Reading Assignments
Homework is due on Tuesday 10/25. Bring materials for drawing in perspective: t-square or ruler & triangle, 2H or drafting pencil; erasers; drawing board; drawing paper; and bull clips or tape AND if you want something comfortable to sit the floor bring a pillow or pad.
Drawing: Complete your 2-pt perspective exterior drawing using contour line and value to show depth as well as lighting. Use graphite 4B-8B. Continue to work on the interior 2 -pt perspective drawing. We will work on these in class.
Student Example of Exterior 2-Pt Perspective Value Drawing
Sketchbook Assignment: Complete the 2-point perspective (3D form) studies. Do not forget to identify a single light source.
Textbook: pp 139-172 (Ch 11) and pp 197-220 (Ch 13)
Remember that there is no class on Tuesday, Nov. 2nd.
Perspective Test will be given on Thursday, Nov. 4th.
Drawing: Complete your 2-pt perspective drawings. We will have a final critique on perspective and conclude this topic. This is one 2-pt interior perspective and one 2-pt exterior perspective. This is a contour and value drawing. Please ensure the quality and craftsmanship of the final drawings reflects accurately and creatively your understanding of the subject matter.
Sketchbook Assignment: Complete the ellipses and 2-point perspective (3D form) studies. Do not forget to identify a single light source.
No reading assignment this week. Study for Perspective Test.
No class on Tuesday – GO VOTE!!
Drawing: Final Critique of Thursday. Perspective Test today.
Sketchbook Assignment: Complete the ellipses and 2-point perspective (3D form) studies. Do not forget to identify a single light source.
Reading Assignment: No reading assignment this week.
Drawing: Subtractive Drawing: Create a composition using 2-3 pairs of shoes and a single light source. In this subtractive drawing, tone the surface of your paper (18″x24″ drawing) with a darker mid-tone. Remember to make the quality of the tonal surface consistent. Using a variety of erasers, look for and draw the lighter range of mid-tones and identify the highlights of your composition. Once you have captured this information, you can then work back in the darker values and details using your medium, in this case, graphite or charcoal with accents of white conte’ or chalk.
Sketchbook Assignment: Work on sketchbook at least 10 minutes a day or 70 minutes a week and explore concepts that we have been addressing in class. You have an upcoming sketchbook review. Sketchbook Review #7 is due 11/23.
“The Emergence of the Tonal Drawing”
PLEASE REMEMBER THAT I OFFER A TUTORING SESSION FROM 3:30-4:30 EVERY WEDNESDAY. IF YOU NEED ADDITIONAL HELP BUT THAT IS NOT A GOOD TIME PLEASE MAKE INDIVIDUAL ARRANGEMENTS WITH ME!
Drawing: Due 11/23. Create a still life with a variety of textured objects (glass, books, bones, fabric, metal, etc). Use at least five (5) different objects with two light sources. One direct light source and one indirect light source so that you have a hard cast shadow and diffused shadows to work with. Using conte’ crayon to establish your values (dark brown (sepia), red-brown, and white), blending the different sticks to achieve your mid dark & light tones. You may also choose from an additive or subtractive method of drawing or a combination of both. Be sure that you look carefully at the composition you are choosing, create at least five (5) thumbnail sketches to determine what composition best suits this assignment. Turn the sketches in with the drawing. The sketches can be 1/2 page size from your sketchbook. Examples of the type of drawings you should be completing are below:
Sketchbook Assignment: Draw in your sketchbook ten each of the following textural categories: 1. Surface Texture, 2. Entire Texture, and 3. Emotional Texture.
For example, under Surface Texture you can select the following or choose your own: rough, smooth, hard, soft, shiny, bumpy, cracked, frozen, wet, and prickly. Under Entire Texture: glass, wood, water, fur, ice, stone, fabric, metal, sand, brick, and basket. Finally under Emotional Texture, you can select: angry, sad, quiet, noisy, fast, slow, confusing, tired, energized, passive. Examples are located in the Texture, Value, and Tone Lecture.
This assignment is due 11/23 as part of your Sketchbook Review #7
Reading Assignment: Textbook: Chapter 9 pp. 93-114 and Chapter 17 pp. 279-303
Week 14- HAPPY THANKSGIVING
Class Meets on Tuesday Only!!
Drawing: There are no formal assignments this week. Please review the requirements for your final portfolio. Update and correct any drawings you wish regraded. Please remember to attach the original drawing and grade sheet to the drawing you want regraded. Have a good Thanksgiving.
Sketchbook Assignment: Sketchbook Review #7 Due 11/23
Reading Assignment: Textbook Chapter 7 pp. 61-74
Week 15 – LAST WEEK OF CLASSES MEETING
11/7 STUDY DAY – CLASSES DO NOT MEET
11/9 Meet at Exam Time listed on calendar for final quiz and tying up loose ends – expect a critique
Drawing: Final Portfolios are due no later than 12 noon today. Please put them outside of my office at McLaurin.
Sketchbook Assignment: Final Sketchbooks due, place them in portfolio
Reading Assignment: Study for final Quiz#4