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The first important element of successful integrated writing in the TOEFL iBT is taking detailed notes during the listening portion. That way you have enough information to build your response, whatever you are asked to do.
The integrated writing is more flexible in terms of pattern. It could be structured in different ways and still be effective. It could have only three paragraphs – a basic intro, body and conclusion, in which you place all the requested info in the body paragraph. Alternatively, you could have an intro and conclusion, and any number of shorter body paragraphs, each devoted to an additional fact or supporting detail from the reading and the listening.
Try to address each point from the reading and the listening together, in the same paragraph. Move from point to point. Avoid explaining everything from the reading in one paragraph and everything from the listening in another paragraph. Blend, or integrate the information you present in your response.
Look into Delta’s guide to the TOEFL iBT for some more examples of good integrated writing techniques.
Also, do look at the sample essays on my goodlucktoefl.com website for ideas on how to improve the second essay task. There are also videos on engvid on How to Structure Your TOEFL Essay, which will help.
My best wishes to you. I hope you’ll be certified as a Physical Therapist very soon.
One of the ways in which you will be evaluated on your Writing tasks is how well your essays are organized. For this exclusive look inside the TOEFL® test, we’re going to talk about specific tips to help structure and organize your written responses.
First, let’s look at the three basic parts of an essay: the introduction, body and conclusion.
- First paragraph of essay – usually about three to five sentences in length
- Introduces the essay topic and includes a strong thesis statement that directly answers the essay question
- Main content of essay – usually about two paragraphs in length
- Each paragraph should directly support your thesis statement in the introduction
- Final paragraph of essay – usually three or four sentences in length
- Restates your thesis statement and summarizes the main ideas of your essay
- Before you start writing, make a brief outline or some notes on scratch paper to help you organize your thoughts. You can even type your outline and notes directly in the answer area on the computer and then replace your outline with sentences and paragraphs.
- Study the organization of good paragraphs and essays. A good paragraph discusses one main idea. This idea is usually written in the first sentence, which is called the topic sentence. In essay writing, each paragraph should discuss one aspect of the main idea of the essay.
- Try to use short sentences as much as possible, and break out different ideas into separate paragraphs with clear transitions.
Keep these tips in mind and keep practicing: You’ll find that your writing will improve, and you will be able to express your ideas more clearly in the Writing section of the test. Good luck!
--- Michael from ETS
For more writing tips, check out this short video